Write-behind quickstart

Get started creating a write-behind pipeline

This guide takes you through the creation of a write-behind pipeline.


Write-behind is a RDI pipeline used to synchronize data in a Redis database with a downstream data store. You can think about it as a pipeline that starts with change data capture (CDC) events for a Redis database and then filters, transforms, and maps the data to the target data store data structures.

The target data store to which the write-behind pipeline connects and writes data.

The write-behind pipeline is composed of one or more jobs. Each job is responsible for capturing change for one key pattern in Redis and mapping it to one or more tables in the downstream data store. Each job is defined in a YAML file.

Supported data stores

RDI write-behind currently supports these target data stores:

Data Store
Redis Enterprise
SQL Server


The only prerequisite for running RDI write-behind is Redis Gears Python >= 1.2.6 installed on the Redis Enterprise Cluster and enabled for the database you want to mirror to the downstream data store. For more information, see RedisGears installation.

Preparing the write-behind pipeline

  • Install RDI CLI on a Linux host that has connectivity to your Redis Enterprise Cluster.

  • Run the configure command to install the RDI Engine on your Redis database, if you have not used this Redis database with RDI write-behind before.

  • Run the scaffold command with the type of data store you want to use, for example:

    redis-di scaffold --strategy write_behind --dir . --db-type mysql

    This creates a template config.yaml file and a folder named jobs under the current directory. You can specify any folder name with --dir or use the --preview config.yaml option, if your RDI CLI is deployed inside a Kubernetes (K8s) pod, to get the config.yaml template to the terminal.

  • Add the connections required for downstream targets in the connections section of config.yaml, for example:

        type: postgresql
        port: 5432
        database: postgres
        user: postgres
        password: postgres
        # sslmode: verify-ca
        # sslrootcert: /opt/work/ssl/ca.crt
        # sslkey: /opt/work/ssl/client.key
        # sslcert: /opt/work/ssl/client.crt
        type: mysql
        port: 3306
        database: test
        user: test
        password: test
        # ssl_ca: /opt/ssl/ca.crt
        # ssl_cert: /opt/ssl/client.crt
        # ssl_key: /opt/ssl/client.key

    This is the first section of the config.yaml file and typically the only one you'll need to edit. The connections section is designed to have many target connections. In the previous example, there are two downstream connections named my-postgres and my-mysql.

    To obtain a secured connection using TLS, you can add more connect_args or query_args, depending on the specific target database terminology, to the connection definition.

    The name can be any arbitrary name as long as it is:

    • Unique for this RDI engine
    • Referenced correctly by the jobs in the respective YAML files

In order to prepare the pipeline, fill in the correct information for the target data store. Secrets can be provided using a reference to a secret (see below) or by specifying a path.

The applier section has information about the batch size and frequency used to write data to the target.

Some of the applier attributes such as target_data_type, wait_enabled, and retry_on_replica_failure are specific for the RDI ingest pipeline and can be ignored.

Write-behind jobs

Write-behind jobs are a mandatory part of the write-behind pipeline configuration. Under the jobs directory (parallel to config.yaml) you should have a job definition in a YAML file for every key pattern you want to write to a downstream database table.

The YAML file can be named using the destination table name or another naming convention, but it has to have a unique name.

Job definition has the following structure:

    key_pattern: emp:*
    trigger: write-behind
    exclude_commands: ["json.del"]
  - uses: rename_field
      from_field: after.country
      to_field: after.my_country
  - uses: relational.write
      connection: my-connection
      schema: my-schema
      table: my-table
        - first_name
        - last_name
        - first_name
        - last_name
        - address
        - gender

Source section

The source section describes the source of data in the pipeline.

The redis section is common for every pipeline initiated by an event in Redis, such as applying changes to data. In the case of write-behind, it has the information required to activate a pipeline dealing with changes to data. It includes the following attributes:

  • The key_pattern attribute specifies the pattern of Redis keys to listen on. The pattern must correspond to keys that are of Hash or JSON type.

  • The exclude_commands attribute specifies which commands to ignore. For example, if you listen on a key pattern with Hash values, you can exclude the HDEL command so no data deletions will propagate to the downstream database. If you don't specify this attribute, RDI write-behind acts on all relevant commands.

  • The trigger attribute is mandatory and must be set to write-behind.

  • The row_format attribute can be used with the value full to receive both the before and after sections of the payload. Note that for write-behind events the before value of the key is never provided.

Note: RDI write-behind does not support the expired event. Therefore, keys that are expired in Redis will not be deleted from the target database automatically. Notes: The redis attribute is a breaking change replacing the keyspace attribute. The key_pattern attribute replaces the pattern attribute. The exclude_commands attributes replaces the exclude-commands attribute. If you upgrade to version 0.105 and beyond, you must edit your existing jobs and redeploy them.

Output section

The output section is critical. It specifies a reference to a connection from the config.yaml connections section:

  • The uses attribute specifies the type of writer RDI write-behind will use to prepare and write the data to the target. In this example, it is relational.write, a writer that translates the data into a SQL statement with the specific dialect of the downstream relational database. For a full list of supported writers, see data transformation block types.

  • The schema attribute specifies the schema/database to use (different database have different names for schema in the object hierarchy).

  • The table attribute specifies the downstream table to use.

  • The keys section specifies the field(s) in the table that are the unique constraints in that table.

  • The mapping section is used to map database columns to Redis fields with different names or to expressions. The mapping can be all Redis data fields or a subset of them.

Note: The columns used in keys will be automatically included, so there's no need to repeat them in the mapping section.

Apply filters and transformations to write-behind

The RDI write-behind jobs can apply filters and transformations to the data before it is written to the target. Specify the filters and transformations under the transform section.


Use filters to skip some of the data and not apply it to target. Filters can apply simple or complex expressions that take as arguments the Redis entry key, fields, and even the change op code (create, delete, update, etc.). See Filter for more information.


Transformations manipulate the data in one of the following ways:

  • Renaming a field
  • Adding a field
  • Removing a field
  • Mapping source fields to use in output

To learn more about transformations, see data transformation pipeline.

Provide target's secrets

The target's secrets (such as TLS certificates) can be read from a path on the Redis node's file system. This allows the consumption of secrets injected from secret stores.

Deploy the write-behind pipeline

To start the pipeline, run the deploy command:

redis-di deploy

You can check that the pipeline is running, receiving, and writing data using the status command:

redis-di status

Monitor the write-behind pipeline

The RDI write-behind pipeline collects the following metrics:

Metric Description Metric in Prometheus
Total incoming events by stream Calculated as a Prometheus DB query: sum(pending, rejected, filtered, inserted, updated, deleted)
Created incoming events by stream rdi_metrics_incoming_entries{data_source:"…",operation="inserted"}
Updated incoming events by stream rdi_metrics_incoming_entries{data_source:"…",operation="updated"}
Deleted incoming events by stream rdi_metrics_incoming_entries{data_source:"…",operation="deleted"}
Filtered incoming events by stream rdi_metrics_incoming_entries{data_source:"…",operation="filtered"}
Malformed incoming events by stream rdi_metrics_incoming_entries{data_source:"…",operation="rejected"}
Total events per stream (snapshot) rdi_metrics_stream_size{data_source:""}
Time in stream (snapshot) rdi_metrics_stream_last_latency_ms{data_source:"…"}

To use the metrics you can either:

  • Run the status command:

    redis-di status
  • Scrape the metrics using RDI's Prometheus exporter


If you need to upgrade RDI, you should use the upgrade command that provides for a zero downtime upgrade:

redis-di upgrade ...

See the Upgrade guide for more information.

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