Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

First, this function identifies which epigenetic features overlap the region set. Then the region set is scored using the feature contribution scores ('signal' input) according to the 'scoringMetric' parameter.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 |

`signal` |
Matrix of feature contribution scores (the contribution of each epigenetic feature to each target variable). One named column for each target variable. One row for each original epigenetic feature (should be same order as original data/signalCoord). For (an unsupervised) example, if PCA was done on epigenetic data and the goal was to find region sets associated with the principal components, you could use the x$rotation output of prcomp(epigenetic data) as the feature contribution scores/'signal' parameter. |

`signalCoord` |
A GRanges object or data frame with coordinates for the genomic signal/original epigenetic data. Coordinates should be in the same order as the original data and the feature contribution scores (each item/row in signalCoord corresponds to a row in signal). If a data.frame, must have chr and start columns (optionally can have end column, depending on the epigenetic data type). |

`regionSet` |
A genomic ranges (GRanges) object with regions corresponding to the same biological annotation. Must be from the same reference genome as the coordinates for the actual data/samples (signalCoord). |

`signalCol` |
A character vector with the names of the sample variables of interest/target variables (e.g. PCs or sample phenotypes). |

`signalCoordType` |
Character. Can be "default", "singleBase", or "multiBase". This describes whether the coordinates for 'signal' ('signalCoord') are each a single base (e.g. as for DNA methylation) or a region/multiple bases (e.g. as for chromatin accessibility). Different scoring options are available for each type of data. If "default" is given, the type of coordinates will be detected automatically. For "default", if each coordinate start value equals the coordinate end value (all(start(signalCoord) == end(signalCoord))), "singleBase" will be used. Otherwise, "multiBase" will be used. |

`scoringMetric` |
A character object with the scoring metric. There are different methods available for signalCoordType="singleBase" vs signalCoordType="multiBase". For "singleBase", the available methods are "regionMean", "regionMedian", "simpleMean", and "simpleMedian". The default method is "regionMean". For "multiBase", the methods are "proportionWeightedMean", "simpleMean", and "simpleMedian". The default is "proportionWeightedMean". "regionMean" is a weighted average of the signal, weighted by region (absolute value of signal if absVal=TRUE). First the signal is averaged within each regionSet region, then all the regions are averaged. With "regionMean" method, be cautious in interpretation for region sets with low number of regions that overlap signalCoord. The "regionMedian" method is the same as "regionMean" but the median is taken at each step instead of the mean. The "simpleMean" method is just the unweighted average of all (absolute) signal values that overlap the given region set. For multiBase data, this includes signal regions that overlap a regionSet region at all (1 base overlap or more) and the signal for each overlapping region is given the same weight for the average regardless of how much it overlaps. The "simpleMedian" method is the same as "simpleMean" but takes the median instead of the mean. "proportionWeightedMean" is a weighted average of all signalCoord regions that overlap with regionSet regions. For each signalCoord region that overlaps with a regionSet region, we calculate what proportion of the regionSet region is covered. Then this proportion is used to weight the signal value when calculating the mean. The denominator of the mean is the sum of all the proportion overlaps. |

`verbose` |
A "logical" object. Whether progress of the function should be shown. One bar indicates the region set is completed. |

`absVal` |
Logical. If TRUE, take the absolute value of values in signal. Choose TRUE if you think there may be some genomic loci in a region set that will increase and others will decrease (if there may be anticorrelation between regions in a region set). Choose FALSE if you expect regions in a given region set to all change in the same direction (all be positively correlated with each other). |

`rsOL` |
a "SortedByQueryHits" object (output of findOverlaps function). Should have the overlap information between signalCoord and one item of GRList (one unique region set). The region set must be the "subject" in findOverlaps and signalCoord must be the "query". E.g. findOverlaps(subject=regionSet, query=signalCoord). Providing this information can greatly improve permutation speed since the overlaps will not have to be calculated for each permutation. When using this parameter, signalCoord, genomicSignal, and the region set must be in the same order as they were when olList was created. Otherwise, the wrong genomic loci will be referenced (e.g. if epigenetic features were filtered out of genomicSignal after rsOL was created.) |

`pOlap` |
Numeric vector. Only used if rsOL is given and scoringMetric is "proportionWeightedMean". This vector should contain the proportion of each regionSet region that is overlapped by a signalCoord region. The order of pOlap should be the same as the overlaps in rsOL. |

`returnCovInfo` |
logical. If TRUE, the following coverage and region set info will be calculated and included in function output: regionSetCoverage, signalCoverage, totalRegionNumber, and meanRegionSize. For the proportionWeightedMean scoring method, sumProportionOverlap will also be calculated. |

`.checkInput` |
A "logical" object. For programmatic use only. Whether inputs to the function should be checked for correctness/appropriateness. This parameter may be used by some COCOA functions to prevent unnecessary checks of objects after arguments have already been checked once. |

A data.frame with one row and the following columns: one column for each item of signalCol with names given by signalCol. These columns have scores for the region set for each signalCol. Other columns: signalCoverage (formerly cytosine_coverage) which has number of epigenetic features that overlapped at all with regionSet, regionSetCoverage which has number of regions from regionSet that overlapped any of the epigenetic features, totalRegionNumber that has number of regions in regionSet, meanRegionSize that has average size in base pairs of regions in regionSet, the average is based on all regions in regionSet and not just ones that overlap. For "multiBase" data, if the "proportionWeightedMean" scoring metric is used, then the output will also have a "sumProportionOverlap" column. During this scoring method, the proportion overlap between each signalCoord region and overlapping regionSet region is calculated. This column is the sum of all those proportion overlaps and is another way to quantify coverage of regionSet in addition to regionSetCoverage.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 | ```
data("brcaATACCoord1")
data("brcaATACData1")
data("esr1_chr1")
featureContributionScores <- prcomp(t(brcaATACData1))$rotation
rsScores <- aggregateSignal(signal=featureContributionScores,
signalCoord=brcaATACCoord1,
regionSet=esr1_chr1,
signalCol=c("PC1", "PC2"),
scoringMetric="default")
``` |

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