HEXPIRE

Syntax
HEXPIRE key seconds [NX | XX | GT | LT] FIELDS numfields
  field [field ...]
Available since:
7.4.0
Time complexity:
O(N) where N is the number of arguments to the command
ACL categories:
@write, @hash, @fast,

Set an expiration (TTL or time to live) on one or more fields of a given hash key. You must specify at least one field. Field(s) will automatically be deleted from the hash key when their TTLs expire.

Field expirations will only be cleared by commands that delete or overwrite the contents of the hash fields, including HDEL and HSET commands. This means that all the operations that conceptually alter the value stored at a hash key's field without replacing it with a new one will leave the TTL untouched.

You can clear the TTL using the HPERSIST command, which turns the hash field back into a persistent field.

Note that calling HEXPIRE/HPEXPIRE with a zero TTL or HEXPIREAT/HPEXPIREAT with a time in the past will result in the hash field being deleted.

Options

The HEXPIRE command supports a set of options:

  • NX -- For each specified field, set expiration only when the field has no expiration.
  • XX -- For each specified field, set expiration only when the field has an existing expiration.
  • GT -- For each specified field, set expiration only when the new expiration is greater than current one.
  • LT -- For each specified field, set expiration only when the new expiration is less than current one.

A non-volatile field is treated as an infinite TTL for the purpose of GT and LT. The NX, XX, GT, and LT options are mutually exclusive.

Refreshing expires

You can call HEXPIRE using as argument a field that already has an existing TTL set. In this case, the time to live is updated to the new value.

Example

redis> HEXPIRE no-key 20 NX FIELDS 2 field1 field2
(nil)
redis> HSET mykey field1 "hello" field2 "world"
(integer 2)
redis> HEXPIRE mykey 10 FIELDS 3 field1 field2 field3
1) (integer) 1
2) (integer) 1
3) (integer) -2
redis> HGETALL mykey
(empty array)

RESP2/RESP3 replies

One of the following:

  • Array reply. For each field:
    • Integer reply: -2 if no such field exists in the provided hash key.
    • Integer reply: 0 if the specified NX | XX | GT | LT condition has not been met.
    • Integer reply: 1 if the expiration time was set/updated.
    • Integer reply: 2 when HEXPIRE/HPEXPIRE is called with 0 seconds/milliseconds or when HEXPIREAT/HPEXPIREAT is called with a past Unix time in seconds/milliseconds.
  • Simple error reply:
    • if parsing failed, mandatory arguments are missing, unknown arguments are specified, or argument values are of the wrong type or out of range.
    • if the provided key exists but is not a hash.
  • Empty Array reply if the provided key does not exist.

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