TS.ADD

Syntax
TS.ADD key timestamp value 
  [RETENTION retentionPeriod] 
  [ENCODING <COMPRESSED|UNCOMPRESSED>] 
  [CHUNK_SIZE size] 
  [DUPLICATE_POLICY policy] 
  [ON_DUPLICATE policy_ovr] 
  [LABELS [label value ...]]
Available in:
Redis Stack / TimeSeries 1.0.0
Time complexity:
O(M) when M is the amount of compaction rules or O(1) with no compaction

Append a sample to a time series

Examples

Required arguments

key

is key name for the time series.

timestamp

is Unix time (integer, in milliseconds) specifying the sample timestamp or * to set the sample timestamp to the Unix time of the server's clock.

Unix time is the number of milliseconds that have elapsed since 00:00:00 UTC on 1 January 1970, the Unix epoch, without adjustments made due to leap seconds.

value

is (double) numeric data value of the sample. The double number should follow RFC 7159 (JSON standard). In particular, the parser rejects overly large values that do not fit in binary64. It does not accept NaN or infinite values.

Notes:

  • When specified key does not exist, a new time series is created.

    if a COMPACTION_POLICY configuration parameter is defined, compacted time series would be created as well.

  • If timestamp is older than the retention period compared to the maximum existing timestamp, the sample is discarded and an error is returned.

  • When adding a sample to a time series for which compaction rules are defined:

    • If all the original samples for an affected aggregated time bucket are available, the compacted value is recalculated based on the reported sample and the original samples.
    • If only a part of the original samples for an affected aggregated time bucket is available due to trimming caused in accordance with the time series RETENTION policy, the compacted value is recalculated based on the reported sample and the available original samples.
    • If the original samples for an affected aggregated time bucket are not available due to trimming caused in accordance with the time series RETENTION policy, the compacted value bucket is not updated.
  • Explicitly adding samples to a compacted time series (using TS.ADD, TS.MADD, TS.INCRBY, or TS.DECRBY) may result in inconsistencies between the raw and the compacted data. The compaction process may override such samples.

Optional arguments

The following arguments are optional because they can be set by TS.CREATE.

RETENTION retentionPeriod

is maximum retention period, compared to the maximum existing timestamp, in milliseconds.

Use it only if you are creating a new time series. It is ignored if you are adding samples to an existing time series. See RETENTION in TS.CREATE.

ENCODING enc

specifies the series sample encoding format.

Use it only if you are creating a new time series. It is ignored if you are adding samples to an existing time series. See ENCODING in TS.CREATE.

CHUNK_SIZE size

is memory size, in bytes, allocated for each data chunk.

Use it only if you are creating a new time series. It is ignored if you are adding samples to an existing time series. See CHUNK_SIZE in TS.CREATE.

DUPLICATE_POLICY policy

is policy for handling insertion (TS.ADD and TS.MADD) of multiple samples with identical timestamps.

Use it only if you are creating a new time series. It is ignored if you are adding samples to an existing time series. See DUPLICATE_POLICY in TS.CREATE.

ON_DUPLICATE policy_ovr

is overwrite key and database configuration for DUPLICATE_POLICY, the policy for handling samples with identical timestamps. This override is effective only for this single command and does not set the time series duplication policy (which can be set with TS.ALTER).

policy_ovr can be one of the following values:

  • BLOCK: ignore any newly reported value and reply with an error
  • FIRST: ignore any newly reported value
  • LAST: override with the newly reported value
  • MIN: only override if the value is lower than the existing value
  • MAX: only override if the value is higher than the existing value
  • SUM: If a previous sample exists, add the new sample to it so that the updated value is set to (previous + new). If no previous sample exists, the value is set to the new value.

This argument has no effect when a new time series is created by this command.

LABELS {label value}...

is set of label-value pairs that represent metadata labels of the time series.

Use it only if you are creating a new time series. It is ignored if you are adding samples to an existing time series. See LABELS in TS.CREATE.

Notes:

  • You can use this command to create a new time series and add data to it in a single command. RETENTION, ENCODING, CHUNK_SIZE, DUPLICATE_POLICY, and LABELS are used only when creating a new time series, and ignored when adding samples to an existing time series.
  • Setting RETENTION and LABELS introduces additional time complexity.

Return value

Returns one of these replies:

  • Integer reply - the timestamp of the upserted sample
  • [] on error (invalid arguments, wrong key type, etc.), when duplication policy is BLOCK, or when timestamp is older than the retention period compared to the maximum existing timestamp

Complexity

If a compaction rule exists on a time series, the performance of TS.ADD can be reduced. The complexity of TS.ADD is always O(M), where M is the number of compaction rules or O(1) with no compaction.

Examples

Append a sample to a temperature time series

Create a temperature time series, set its retention to 1 year, and append a sample.

127.0.0.1:6379> TS.ADD temperature:3:11 1548149183000 27 RETENTION 31536000000
(integer) 1548149183000

Note: If a time series with such a name already exists, the sample is added, but the retention does not change.

Add a sample to the time series, setting the sample's timestamp to the current Unix time of the server's clock.

127.0.0.1:6379> TS.ADD temperature:3:11 * 30
(integer) 1662042954573

See also

TS.CREATE

RedisTimeSeries


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