INFO [section]

The INFO command returns information and statistics about the server in a format that is simple to parse by computers and easy to read by humans.

The optional parameter can be used to select a specific section of information:

  • server: General information about the Redis server
  • clients: Client connections section
  • memory: Memory consumption related information
  • persistence: RDB and AOF related information
  • stats: General statistics
  • replication: Master/replica replication information
  • cpu: CPU consumption statistics
  • commandstats: Redis command statistics
  • latencystats: Redis command latency percentile distribution statistics
  • cluster: Redis Cluster section
  • modules: Modules section
  • keyspace: Database related statistics
  • modules: Module related sections
  • errorstats: Redis error statistics

It can also take the following values:

  • all: Return all sections (excluding module generated ones)
  • default: Return only the default set of sections
  • everything: Includes all and modules

When no parameter is provided, the default option is assumed.

*Return value

Bulk string reply: as a collection of text lines.

Lines can contain a section name (starting with a # character) or a property. All the properties are in the form of field:value terminated by \r\n.

redis>  INFO
# Server
os:Linux 5.4.0-1030-aws x86_64

# Clients

# Memory

# Persistence

# Stats

# Replication


# Modules

# Errorstats

# Cluster

# Keyspace


Please note depending on the version of Redis some of the fields have been added or removed. A robust client application should therefore parse the result of this command by skipping unknown properties, and gracefully handle missing fields.

Here is the description of fields for Redis >= 2.4.

Here is the meaning of all fields in the server section:

  • redis_version: Version of the Redis server
  • redis_git_sha1: Git SHA1
  • redis_git_dirty: Git dirty flag
  • redis_build_id: The build id
  • redis_mode: The server's mode ("standalone", "sentinel" or "cluster")
  • os: Operating system hosting the Redis server
  • arch_bits: Architecture (32 or 64 bits)
  • multiplexing_api: Event loop mechanism used by Redis
  • atomicvar_api: Atomicvar API used by Redis
  • gcc_version: Version of the GCC compiler used to compile the Redis server
  • process_id: PID of the server process
  • process_supervised: Supervised system ("upstart", "systemd", "unknown" or "no")
  • run_id: Random value identifying the Redis server (to be used by Sentinel and Cluster)
  • tcp_port: TCP/IP listen port
  • server_time_in_usec: Epoch-based system time with microsecond precision
  • uptime_in_seconds: Number of seconds since Redis server start
  • uptime_in_days: Same value expressed in days
  • hz: The server's current frequency setting
  • configured_hz: The server's configured frequency setting
  • lru_clock: Clock incrementing every minute, for LRU management
  • executable: The path to the server's executable
  • config_file: The path to the config file
  • io_threads_active: Flag indicating if I/O threads are active
  • shutdown_in_milliseconds: The maximum time remaining for replicas to catch up the replication before completing the shutdown sequence. This field is only present during shutdown.

Here is the meaning of all fields in the clients section:

  • connected_clients: Number of client connections (excluding connections from replicas)
  • cluster_connections: An approximation of the number of sockets used by the cluster's bus
  • maxclients: The value of the maxclients configuration directive. This is the upper limit for the sum of connected_clients, connected_slaves and cluster_connections.
  • client_recent_max_input_buffer: Biggest input buffer among current client connections
  • client_recent_max_output_buffer: Biggest output buffer among current client connections
  • blocked_clients: Number of clients pending on a blocking call (BLPOP, BRPOP, BRPOPLPUSH, BLMOVE, BZPOPMIN, BZPOPMAX)
  • tracking_clients: Number of clients being tracked (CLIENT TRACKING)
  • clients_in_timeout_table: Number of clients in the clients timeout table

Here is the meaning of all fields in the memory section:

  • used_memory: Total number of bytes allocated by Redis using its allocator (either standard libc, jemalloc, or an alternative allocator such as tcmalloc)
  • used_memory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_rss: Number of bytes that Redis allocated as seen by the operating system (a.k.a resident set size). This is the number reported by tools such as top(1) and ps(1)
  • used_memory_rss_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_peak: Peak memory consumed by Redis (in bytes)
  • used_memory_peak_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_peak_perc: The percentage of used_memory_peak out of used_memory
  • used_memory_overhead: The sum in bytes of all overheads that the server allocated for managing its internal data structures
  • used_memory_startup: Initial amount of memory consumed by Redis at startup in bytes
  • used_memory_dataset: The size in bytes of the dataset (used_memory_overhead subtracted from used_memory)
  • used_memory_dataset_perc: The percentage of used_memory_dataset out of the net memory usage (used_memory minus used_memory_startup)
  • total_system_memory: The total amount of memory that the Redis host has
  • total_system_memory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_lua: Number of bytes used by the Lua engine
  • used_memory_lua_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_scripts: Number of bytes used by cached Lua scripts
  • used_memory_scripts_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • maxmemory: The value of the maxmemory configuration directive
  • maxmemory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • maxmemory_policy: The value of the maxmemory-policy configuration directive
  • mem_fragmentation_ratio: Ratio between used_memory_rss and used_memory. Note that this doesn't only includes fragmentation, but also other process overheads (see the allocator_* metrics), and also overheads like code, shared libraries, stack, etc.
  • mem_fragmentation_bytes: Delta between used_memory_rss and used_memory. Note that when the total fragmentation bytes is low (few megabytes), a high ratio (e.g. 1.5 and above) is not an indication of an issue.
  • allocator_frag_ratio:: Ratio between allocator_active and allocator_allocated. This is the true (external) fragmentation metric (not mem_fragmentation_ratio).
  • allocator_frag_bytes Delta between allocator_active and allocator_allocated. See note about mem_fragmentation_bytes.
  • allocator_rss_ratio: Ratio between allocator_resident and allocator_active. This usually indicates pages that the allocator can and probably will soon release back to the OS.
  • allocator_rss_bytes: Delta between allocator_resident and allocator_active
  • rss_overhead_ratio: Ratio between used_memory_rss (the process RSS) and allocator_resident. This includes RSS overheads that are not allocator or heap related.
  • rss_overhead_bytes: Delta between used_memory_rss (the process RSS) and allocator_resident
  • allocator_allocated: Total bytes allocated form the allocator, including internal-fragmentation. Normally the same as used_memory.
  • allocator_active: Total bytes in the allocator active pages, this includes external-fragmentation.
  • allocator_resident: Total bytes resident (RSS) in the allocator, this includes pages that can be released to the OS (by MEMORY PURGE, or just waiting).
  • mem_not_counted_for_evict: Used memory that's not counted for key eviction. This is basically transient replica and AOF buffers.
  • mem_clients_slaves: Memory used by replica clients - Starting Redis 7.0, replica buffers share memory with the replication backlog, so this field can show 0 when replicas don't trigger an increase of memory usage.
  • mem_clients_normal: Memory used by normal clients
  • mem_cluster_links: Memory used by links to peers on the cluster bus when cluster mode is enabled.
  • mem_aof_buffer: Transient memory used for AOF and AOF rewrite buffers
  • mem_replication_backlog: Memory used by replication backlog
  • mem_total_replication_buffers: Total memory consumed for replication buffers - Added in Redis 7.0.
  • mem_allocator: Memory allocator, chosen at compile time.
  • active_defrag_running: When activedefrag is enabled, this indicates whether defragmentation is currently active, and the CPU percentage it intends to utilize.
  • lazyfree_pending_objects: The number of objects waiting to be freed (as a result of calling UNLINK, or FLUSHDB and FLUSHALL with the ASYNC option)
  • lazyfreed_objects: The number of objects that have been lazy freed.

Ideally, the used_memory_rss value should be only slightly higher than used_memory. When rss >> used, a large difference may mean there is (external) memory fragmentation, which can be evaluated by checking allocator_frag_ratio, allocator_frag_bytes. When used >> rss, it means part of Redis memory has been swapped off by the operating system: expect some significant latencies.

Because Redis does not have control over how its allocations are mapped to memory pages, high used_memory_rss is often the result of a spike in memory usage.

When Redis frees memory, the memory is given back to the allocator, and the allocator may or may not give the memory back to the system. There may be a discrepancy between the used_memory value and memory consumption as reported by the operating system. It may be due to the fact memory has been used and released by Redis, but not given back to the system. The used_memory_peak value is generally useful to check this point.

Additional introspective information about the server's memory can be obtained by referring to the MEMORY STATS command and the MEMORY DOCTOR.

Here is the meaning of all fields in the persistence section:

  • loading: Flag indicating if the load of a dump file is on-going
  • async_loading: Currently loading replication data-set asynchronously while serving old data. This means repl-diskless-load is enabled and set to swapdb. Added in Redis 7.0.
  • current_cow_peak: The peak size in bytes of copy-on-write memory while a child fork is running
  • current_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write memory while a child fork is running
  • current_cow_size_age: The age, in seconds, of the current_cow_size value.
  • current_fork_perc: The percentage of progress of the current fork process. For AOF and RDB forks it is the percentage of current_save_keys_processed out of current_save_keys_total.
  • current_save_keys_processed: Number of keys processed by the current save operation
  • current_save_keys_total: Number of keys at the beginning of the current save operation
  • rdb_changes_since_last_save: Number of changes since the last dump
  • rdb_bgsave_in_progress: Flag indicating a RDB save is on-going
  • rdb_last_save_time: Epoch-based timestamp of last successful RDB save
  • rdb_last_bgsave_status: Status of the last RDB save operation
  • rdb_last_bgsave_time_sec: Duration of the last RDB save operation in seconds
  • rdb_current_bgsave_time_sec: Duration of the on-going RDB save operation if any
  • rdb_last_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write memory during the last RDB save operation
  • rdb_last_load_keys_expired: Number volatile keys deleted during the last RDB loading. Added in Redis 7.0.
  • rdb_last_load_keys_loaded: Number of keys loaded during the last RDB loading. Added in Redis 7.0.
  • aof_enabled: Flag indicating AOF logging is activated
  • aof_rewrite_in_progress: Flag indicating a AOF rewrite operation is on-going
  • aof_rewrite_scheduled: Flag indicating an AOF rewrite operation will be scheduled once the on-going RDB save is complete.
  • aof_last_rewrite_time_sec: Duration of the last AOF rewrite operation in seconds
  • aof_current_rewrite_time_sec: Duration of the on-going AOF rewrite operation if any
  • aof_last_bgrewrite_status: Status of the last AOF rewrite operation
  • aof_last_write_status: Status of the last write operation to the AOF
  • aof_last_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write memory during the last AOF rewrite operation
  • module_fork_in_progress: Flag indicating a module fork is on-going
  • module_fork_last_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write memory during the last module fork operation

rdb_changes_since_last_save refers to the number of operations that produced some kind of changes in the dataset since the last time either SAVE or BGSAVE was called.

If AOF is activated, these additional fields will be added:

  • aof_current_size: AOF current file size
  • aof_base_size: AOF file size on latest startup or rewrite
  • aof_pending_rewrite: Flag indicating an AOF rewrite operation will be scheduled once the on-going RDB save is complete.
  • aof_buffer_length: Size of the AOF buffer
  • aof_rewrite_buffer_length: Size of the AOF rewrite buffer
  • aof_pending_bio_fsync: Number of fsync pending jobs in background I/O queue
  • aof_delayed_fsync: Delayed fsync counter

If a load operation is on-going, these additional fields will be added:

  • loading_start_time: Epoch-based timestamp of the start of the load operation
  • loading_total_bytes: Total file size
  • loading_rdb_used_mem: The memory usage of the server that had generated the RDB file at the time of the file's creation
  • loading_loaded_bytes: Number of bytes already loaded
  • loading_loaded_perc: Same value expressed as a percentage
  • loading_eta_seconds: ETA in seconds for the load to be complete

Here is the meaning of all fields in the stats section:

  • total_connections_received: Total number of connections accepted by the server
  • total_commands_processed: Total number of commands processed by the server
  • instantaneous_ops_per_sec: Number of commands processed per second
  • total_net_input_bytes: The total number of bytes read from the network
  • total_net_output_bytes: The total number of bytes written to the network
  • instantaneous_input_kbps: The network's read rate per second in KB/sec
  • instantaneous_output_kbps: The network's write rate per second in KB/sec
  • rejected_connections: Number of connections rejected because of maxclients limit
  • sync_full: The number of full resyncs with replicas
  • sync_partial_ok: The number of accepted partial resync requests
  • sync_partial_err: The number of denied partial resync requests
  • expired_keys: Total number of key expiration events
  • expired_stale_perc: The percentage of keys probably expired
  • expired_time_cap_reached_count: The count of times that active expiry cycles have stopped early
  • expire_cycle_cpu_milliseconds: The cumulative amount of time spend on active expiry cycles
  • evicted_keys: Number of evicted keys due to maxmemory limit
  • evicted_clients: Number of evicted clients due to maxmemory-clients limit. Added in Redis 7.0.
  • total_eviction_exceeded_time: Total time used_memory was greater than maxmemory since server startup, in milliseconds
  • current_eviction_exceeded_time: The time passed since used_memory last rose above maxmemory, in milliseconds
  • keyspace_hits: Number of successful lookup of keys in the main dictionary
  • keyspace_misses: Number of failed lookup of keys in the main dictionary
  • pubsub_channels: Global number of pub/sub channels with client subscriptions
  • pubsub_patterns: Global number of pub/sub pattern with client subscriptions
  • latest_fork_usec: Duration of the latest fork operation in microseconds
  • total_forks: Total number of fork operations since the server start
  • migrate_cached_sockets: The number of sockets open for MIGRATE purposes
  • slave_expires_tracked_keys: The number of keys tracked for expiry purposes (applicable only to writable replicas)
  • active_defrag_hits: Number of value reallocations performed by active the defragmentation process
  • active_defrag_misses: Number of aborted value reallocations started by the active defragmentation process
  • active_defrag_key_hits: Number of keys that were actively defragmented
  • active_defrag_key_misses: Number of keys that were skipped by the active defragmentation process
  • total_active_defrag_time: Total time memory fragmentation was over the limit, in milliseconds
  • current_active_defrag_time: The time passed since memory fragmentation last was over the limit, in milliseconds
  • tracking_total_keys: Number of keys being tracked by the server
  • tracking_total_items: Number of items, that is the sum of clients number for each key, that are being tracked
  • tracking_total_prefixes: Number of tracked prefixes in server's prefix table (only applicable for broadcast mode)
  • unexpected_error_replies: Number of unexpected error replies, that are types of errors from an AOF load or replication
  • total_error_replies: Total number of issued error replies, that is the sum of rejected commands (errors prior command execution) and failed commands (errors within the command execution)
  • dump_payload_sanitizations: Total number of dump payload deep integrity validations (see sanitize-dump-payload config).
  • total_reads_processed: Total number of read events processed
  • total_writes_processed: Total number of write events processed
  • io_threaded_reads_processed: Number of read events processed by the main and I/O threads
  • io_threaded_writes_processed: Number of write events processed by the main and I/O threads

Here is the meaning of all fields in the replication section:

  • role: Value is "master" if the instance is replica of no one, or "slave" if the instance is a replica of some master instance. Note that a replica can be master of another replica (chained replication).
  • master_failover_state: The state of an ongoing failover, if any.
  • master_replid: The replication ID of the Redis server.
  • master_replid2: The secondary replication ID, used for PSYNC after a failover.
  • master_repl_offset: The server's current replication offset
  • second_repl_offset: The offset up to which replication IDs are accepted
  • repl_backlog_active: Flag indicating replication backlog is active
  • repl_backlog_size: Total size in bytes of the replication backlog buffer
  • repl_backlog_first_byte_offset: The master offset of the replication backlog buffer
  • repl_backlog_histlen: Size in bytes of the data in the replication backlog buffer

If the instance is a replica, these additional fields are provided:

  • master_host: Host or IP address of the master
  • master_port: Master listening TCP port
  • master_link_status: Status of the link (up/down)
  • master_last_io_seconds_ago: Number of seconds since the last interaction with master
  • master_sync_in_progress: Indicate the master is syncing to the replica
  • slave_read_repl_offset: The read replication offset of the replica instance.
  • slave_repl_offset: The replication offset of the replica instance
  • slave_priority: The priority of the instance as a candidate for failover
  • slave_read_only: Flag indicating if the replica is read-only
  • replica_announced: Flag indicating if the replica is announced by Sentinel.

If a SYNC operation is on-going, these additional fields are provided:

  • master_sync_total_bytes: Total number of bytes that need to be transferred. this may be 0 when the size is unknown (for example, when the repl-diskless-sync configuration directive is used)
  • master_sync_read_bytes: Number of bytes already transferred
  • master_sync_left_bytes: Number of bytes left before syncing is complete (may be negative when master_sync_total_bytes is 0)
  • master_sync_perc: The percentage master_sync_read_bytes from master_sync_total_bytes, or an approximation that uses loading_rdb_used_mem when master_sync_total_bytes is 0
  • master_sync_last_io_seconds_ago: Number of seconds since last transfer I/O during a SYNC operation

If the link between master and replica is down, an additional field is provided:

  • master_link_down_since_seconds: Number of seconds since the link is down

The following field is always provided:

  • connected_slaves: Number of connected replicas

If the server is configured with the min-slaves-to-write (or starting with Redis 5 with the min-replicas-to-write) directive, an additional field is provided:

  • min_slaves_good_slaves: Number of replicas currently considered good

For each replica, the following line is added:

  • slaveXXX: id, IP address, port, state, offset, lag

Here is the meaning of all fields in the cpu section:

  • used_cpu_sys: System CPU consumed by the Redis server, which is the sum of system CPU consumed by all threads of the server process (main thread and background threads)
  • used_cpu_user: User CPU consumed by the Redis server, which is the sum of user CPU consumed by all threads of the server process (main thread and background threads)
  • used_cpu_sys_children: System CPU consumed by the background processes
  • used_cpu_user_children: User CPU consumed by the background processes
  • used_cpu_sys_main_thread: System CPU consumed by the Redis server main thread
  • used_cpu_user_main_thread: User CPU consumed by the Redis server main thread

The commandstats section provides statistics based on the command type, including the number of calls that reached command execution (not rejected), the total CPU time consumed by these commands, the average CPU consumed per command execution, the number of rejected calls (errors prior command execution), and the number of failed calls (errors within the command execution).

For each command type, the following line is added:

  • cmdstat_XXX: calls=XXX,usec=XXX,usec_per_call=XXX,rejected_calls=XXX,failed_calls=XXX

The latencystats section provides latency percentile distribution statistics based on the command type.

By default, the exported latency percentiles are the p50, p99, and p999. If you need to change the exported percentiles, use CONFIG SET latency-tracking-info-percentiles "50.0 99.0 99.9".

This section requires the extended latency monitoring feature to be enabled (by default it's enabled). If you need to enable it, use CONFIG SET latency-tracking yes.

For each command type, the following line is added:

  • latency_percentiles_usec_XXX: p<percentile 1>=<percentile 1 value>,p<percentile 2>=<percentile 2 value>,...

The errorstats section enables keeping track of the different errors that occurred within Redis, based upon the reply error prefix ( The first word after the "-", up to the first space. Example: ERR ).

For each error type, the following line is added:

  • errorstat_XXX: count=XXX

The cluster section currently only contains a unique field:

  • cluster_enabled: Indicate Redis cluster is enabled

The modules section contains additional information about loaded modules if the modules provide it. The field part of properties lines in this section is always prefixed with the module's name.

The keyspace section provides statistics on the main dictionary of each database. The statistics are the number of keys, and the number of keys with an expiration.

For each database, the following line is added:

  • dbXXX: keys=XXX,expires=XXX

A note about the word slave used in this man page: Starting with Redis 5, if not for backward compatibility, the Redis project no longer uses the word slave. Unfortunately in this command the word slave is part of the protocol, so we'll be able to remove such occurrences only when this API will be naturally deprecated.

Modules generated sections: Starting with Redis 6, modules can inject their info into the INFO command, these are excluded by default even when the all argument is provided (it will include a list of loaded modules but not their generated info fields). To get these you must use either the modules argument or everything.,