INFO [section]

The INFO command returns information and statistics about the server in a format that is simple to parse by computers and easy to read by humans.

The optional parameter can be used to select a specific section of information:

  • server: General information about the Redis server
  • clients: Client connections section
  • memory: Memory consumption related information
  • persistence: RDB and AOF related information
  • stats: General statistics
  • replication: Master/replica replication information
  • cpu: CPU consumption statistics
  • commandstats: Redis command statistics
  • cluster: Redis Cluster section
  • keyspace: Database related statistics

It can also take the following values:

  • all: Return all sections
  • default: Return only the default set of sections

When no parameter is provided, the default option is assumed.

*Return value

Bulk string reply: as a collection of text lines.

Lines can contain a section name (starting with a # character) or a property. All the properties are in the form of field:value terminated by \r\n.

redis>  INFO
# Server
redis_version:999.999.999
redis_git_sha1:3c968ff0
redis_git_dirty:0
redis_build_id:51089de051945df4
redis_mode:standalone
os:Linux 4.8.0-1-amd64 x86_64
arch_bits:64
multiplexing_api:epoll
atomicvar_api:atomic-builtin
gcc_version:6.3.0
process_id:3036
run_id:868be887c3c27b100329d99321454df44d1e5394
tcp_port:6379
uptime_in_seconds:94082
uptime_in_days:1
hz:10
lru_clock:15633822
executable:/usr/local/bin/redis-server
config_file:

# Clients
connected_clients:4
client_longest_output_list:0
client_biggest_input_buf:0
blocked_clients:0

# Memory
used_memory:13369488
used_memory_human:12.75M
used_memory_rss:17420288
used_memory_rss_human:16.61M
used_memory_peak:13375464
used_memory_peak_human:12.76M
used_memory_peak_perc:99.96%
used_memory_overhead:4487988
used_memory_startup:510704
used_memory_dataset:8881500
used_memory_dataset_perc:69.07%
allocator_allocated:13309168
allocator_active:13557760
allocator_resident:15413248
total_system_memory:1044770816
total_system_memory_human:996.37M
used_memory_lua:37888
used_memory_lua_human:37.00K
maxmemory:0
maxmemory_human:0B
maxmemory_policy:noeviction
allocator_frag_ratio:1.02
allocator_frag_bytes:248592
allocator_rss_ratio:1.14
allocator_rss_bytes:1855488
rss_overhead_ratio:1.13
rss_overhead_bytes:2007040
mem_fragmentation_ratio:1.32
mem_fragmentation_bytes:4174736
mem_allocator:jemalloc-4.0.3
active_defrag_running:0
lazyfree_pending_objects:0

# Persistence
loading:0
rdb_changes_since_last_save:331381
rdb_bgsave_in_progress:0
rdb_last_save_time:1542266396
rdb_last_bgsave_status:ok
rdb_last_bgsave_time_sec:-1
rdb_current_bgsave_time_sec:-1
rdb_last_cow_size:0
aof_enabled:0
aof_rewrite_in_progress:0
aof_rewrite_scheduled:0
aof_last_rewrite_time_sec:-1
aof_current_rewrite_time_sec:-1
aof_last_bgrewrite_status:ok
aof_last_write_status:ok
aof_last_cow_size:0

# Stats
total_connections_received:4
total_commands_processed:810219
instantaneous_ops_per_sec:17
total_net_input_bytes:66782898
total_net_output_bytes:11411868
instantaneous_input_kbps:1.34
instantaneous_output_kbps:0.16
rejected_connections:0
sync_full:0
sync_partial_ok:0
sync_partial_err:0
expired_keys:1112
expired_stale_perc:0.01
expired_time_cap_reached_count:0
evicted_keys:0
keyspace_hits:191813
keyspace_misses:76694
pubsub_channels:0
pubsub_patterns:0
latest_fork_usec:0
migrate_cached_sockets:0
slave_expires_tracked_keys:0
active_defrag_hits:0
active_defrag_misses:0
active_defrag_key_hits:0
active_defrag_key_misses:0

# Replication
role:master
connected_slaves:0
master_replid:158d8d877375ee481819a87b83da988bc92e5b23
master_replid2:0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
master_repl_offset:0
second_repl_offset:-1
repl_backlog_active:0
repl_backlog_size:1048576
repl_backlog_first_byte_offset:0
repl_backlog_histlen:0

# CPU
used_cpu_sys:70.93
used_cpu_user:88.70
used_cpu_sys_children:0.00
used_cpu_user_children:0.00

# Cluster
cluster_enabled:0

# Keyspace
db0:keys=69033,expires=39,avg_ttl=13091455467
redis> 

*Notes

Please note depending on the version of Redis some of the fields have been added or removed. A robust client application should therefore parse the result of this command by skipping unknown properties, and gracefully handle missing fields.

Here is the description of fields for Redis >= 2.4.

Here is the meaning of all fields in the server section:

  • redis_version: Version of the Redis server
  • redis_git_sha1: Git SHA1
  • redis_git_dirty: Git dirty flag
  • redis_build_id: The build id
  • redis_mode: The server's mode ("standalone", "sentinel" or "cluster")
  • os: Operating system hosting the Redis server
  • arch_bits: Architecture (32 or 64 bits)
  • multiplexing_api: Event loop mechanism used by Redis
  • atomicvar_api: Atomicvar API used by Redis
  • gcc_version: Version of the GCC compiler used to compile the Redis server
  • process_id: PID of the server process
  • run_id: Random value identifying the Redis server (to be used by Sentinel and Cluster)
  • tcp_port: TCP/IP listen port
  • uptime_in_seconds: Number of seconds since Redis server start
  • uptime_in_days: Same value expressed in days
  • hz: The server's frequency setting
  • lru_clock: Clock incrementing every minute, for LRU management
  • executable: The path to the server's executable
  • config_file: The path to the config file

Here is the meaning of all fields in the clients section:

  • connected_clients: Number of client connections (excluding connections from replicas)
  • client_longest_output_list: longest output list among current client connections
  • client_biggest_input_buf: biggest input buffer among current client connections
  • blocked_clients: Number of clients pending on a blocking call (BLPOP, BRPOP, BRPOPLPUSH)

Here is the meaning of all fields in the memory section:

  • used_memory: Total number of bytes allocated by Redis using its allocator (either standard libc, jemalloc, or an alternative allocator such as tcmalloc)
  • used_memory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_rss: Number of bytes that Redis allocated as seen by the operating system (a.k.a resident set size). This is the number reported by tools such as top(1) and ps(1)
  • used_memory_rss_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_peak: Peak memory consumed by Redis (in bytes)
  • used_memory_peak_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_peak_perc: The percentage of used_memory_peak out of used_memory
  • used_memory_overhead: The sum in bytes of all overheads that the server allocated for managing its internal data structures
  • used_memory_startup: Initial amount of memory consumed by Redis at startup in bytes
  • used_memory_dataset: The size in bytes of the dataset (used_memory_overhead subtracted from used_memory)
  • used_memory_dataset_perc: The percentage of used_memory_dataset out of the net memory usage (used_memory minus used_memory_startup)
  • total_system_memory: The total amount of memory that the Redis host has
  • total_system_memory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • used_memory_lua: Number of bytes used by the Lua engine
  • used_memory_lua_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • maxmemory: The value of the maxmemory configuration directive
  • maxmemory_human: Human readable representation of previous value
  • maxmemory_policy: The value of the maxmemory-policy configuration directive
  • mem_fragmentation_ratio: Ratio between used_memory_rss and used_memory
  • mem_allocator: Memory allocator, chosen at compile time
  • active_defrag_running: Flag indicating if active defragmentation is active
  • lazyfree_pending_objects: The number of objects waiting to be freed (as a result of calling UNLINK, or FLUSHDB and FLUSHALL with the ASYNC option)

Ideally, the used_memory_rss value should be only slightly higher than used_memory. When rss >> used, a large difference means there is memory fragmentation (internal or external), which can be evaluated by checking mem_fragmentation_ratio. When used >> rss, it means part of Redis memory has been swapped off by the operating system: expect some significant latencies.

Because Redis does not have control over how its allocations are mapped to memory pages, high used_memory_rss is often the result of a spike in memory usage.

When Redis frees memory, the memory is given back to the allocator, and the allocator may or may not give the memory back to the system. There may be a discrepancy between the used_memory value and memory consumption as reported by the operating system. It may be due to the fact memory has been used and released by Redis, but not given back to the system. The used_memory_peak value is generally useful to check this point.

Additional introspective information about the server's memory can be obtained by referring to the MEMORY STATS command and the MEMORY DOCTOR.

Here is the meaning of all fields in the persistence section:

  • loading: Flag indicating if the load of a dump file is on-going
  • rdb_changes_since_last_save: Number of changes since the last dump
  • rdb_bgsave_in_progress: Flag indicating a RDB save is on-going
  • rdb_last_save_time: Epoch-based timestamp of last successful RDB save
  • rdb_last_bgsave_status: Status of the last RDB save operation
  • rdb_last_bgsave_time_sec: Duration of the last RDB save operation in seconds
  • rdb_current_bgsave_time_sec: Duration of the on-going RDB save operation if any
  • rdb_last_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write allocations during the last RBD save operation
  • aof_enabled: Flag indicating AOF logging is activated
  • aof_rewrite_in_progress: Flag indicating a AOF rewrite operation is on-going
  • aof_rewrite_scheduled: Flag indicating an AOF rewrite operation will be scheduled once the on-going RDB save is complete.
  • aof_last_rewrite_time_sec: Duration of the last AOF rewrite operation in seconds
  • aof_current_rewrite_time_sec: Duration of the on-going AOF rewrite operation if any
  • aof_last_bgrewrite_status: Status of the last AOF rewrite operation
  • aof_last_write_status: Status of the last write operation to the AOF
  • aof_last_cow_size: The size in bytes of copy-on-write allocations during the last AOF rewrite operation

changes_since_last_save refers to the number of operations that produced some kind of changes in the dataset since the last time either SAVE or BGSAVE was called.

If AOF is activated, these additional fields will be added:

  • aof_current_size: AOF current file size
  • aof_base_size: AOF file size on latest startup or rewrite
  • aof_pending_rewrite: Flag indicating an AOF rewrite operation will be scheduled once the on-going RDB save is complete.
  • aof_buffer_length: Size of the AOF buffer
  • aof_rewrite_buffer_length: Size of the AOF rewrite buffer
  • aof_pending_bio_fsync: Number of fsync pending jobs in background I/O queue
  • aof_delayed_fsync: Delayed fsync counter

If a load operation is on-going, these additional fields will be added:

  • loading_start_time: Epoch-based timestamp of the start of the load operation
  • loading_total_bytes: Total file size
  • loading_loaded_bytes: Number of bytes already loaded
  • loading_loaded_perc: Same value expressed as a percentage
  • loading_eta_seconds: ETA in seconds for the load to be complete

Here is the meaning of all fields in the stats section:

  • total_connections_received: Total number of connections accepted by the server
  • total_commands_processed: Total number of commands processed by the server
  • instantaneous_ops_per_sec: Number of commands processed per second
  • total_net_input_bytes: The total number of bytes read from the network
  • total_net_output_bytes: The total number of bytes written to the network
  • instantaneous_input_kbps: The network's read rate per second in KB/sec
  • instantaneous_output_kbps: The network's write rate per second in KB/sec
  • rejected_connections: Number of connections rejected because of maxclients limit
  • sync_full: The number of full resyncs with replicas
  • sync_partial_ok: The number of accepted partial resync requests
  • sync_partial_err: The number of denied partial resync requests
  • expired_keys: Total number of key expiration events
  • evicted_keys: Number of evicted keys due to maxmemory limit
  • keyspace_hits: Number of successful lookup of keys in the main dictionary
  • keyspace_misses: Number of failed lookup of keys in the main dictionary
  • pubsub_channels: Global number of pub/sub channels with client subscriptions
  • pubsub_patterns: Global number of pub/sub pattern with client subscriptions
  • latest_fork_usec: Duration of the latest fork operation in microseconds
  • migrate_cached_sockets: The number of sockets open for MIGRATE purposes
  • slave_expires_tracked_keys: The number of keys tracked for expiry purposes (applicable only to writable replicas)
  • active_defrag_hits: Number of value reallocations performed by active the defragmentation process
  • active_defrag_misses: Number of aborted value reallocations started by the active defragmentation process
  • active_defrag_key_hits: Number of keys that were actively defragmented
  • active_defrag_key_misses: Number of keys that were skipped by the active defragmentation process

Here is the meaning of all fields in the replication section:

  • role: Value is "master" if the instance is replica of no one, or "slave" if the instance is a replica of some master instance. Note that a replica can be master of another replica (chained replication).
  • master_replid: The replication ID of the Redis server.
  • master_replid2: The secondary replication ID, used for PSYNC after a failover.
  • master_repl_offset: The server's current replication offset
  • second_repl_offset: The offset up to which replication IDs are accepted
  • repl_backlog_active: Flag indicating replication backlog is active
  • repl_backlog_size: Total size in bytes of the replication backlog buffer
  • repl_backlog_first_byte_offset: The master offset of the replication backlog buffer
  • repl_backlog_histlen: Size in bytes of the data in the replication backlog buffer

If the instance is a replica, these additional fields are provided:

  • master_host: Host or IP address of the master
  • master_port: Master listening TCP port
  • master_link_status: Status of the link (up/down)
  • master_last_io_seconds_ago: Number of seconds since the last interaction with master
  • master_sync_in_progress: Indicate the master is syncing to the replica
  • slave_repl_offset: The replication offset of the replica instance
  • slave_priority: The priority of the instance as a candidate for failover
  • slave_read_only: Flag indicating if the replica is read-only

If a SYNC operation is on-going, these additional fields are provided:

  • master_sync_left_bytes: Number of bytes left before syncing is complete
  • master_sync_last_io_seconds_ago: Number of seconds since last transfer I/O during a SYNC operation

If the link between master and replica is down, an additional field is provided:

  • master_link_down_since_seconds: Number of seconds since the link is down

The following field is always provided:

  • connected_slaves: Number of connected replicas

If the server is configured with the min-slaves-to-write (or starting with Redis 5 with the min-replicas-to-write) directive, an additional field is provided:

  • min_slaves_good_slaves: Number of replicas currently considered good

For each replica, the following line is added:

  • slaveXXX: id, IP address, port, state, offset, lag

Here is the meaning of all fields in the cpu section:

  • used_cpu_sys: System CPU consumed by the Redis server
  • used_cpu_user:User CPU consumed by the Redis server
  • used_cpu_sys_children: System CPU consumed by the background processes
  • used_cpu_user_children: User CPU consumed by the background processes

The commandstats section provides statistics based on the command type, including the number of calls, the total CPU time consumed by these commands, and the average CPU consumed per command execution.

For each command type, the following line is added:

  • cmdstat_XXX: calls=XXX,usec=XXX,usec_per_call=XXX

The cluster section currently only contains a unique field:

  • cluster_enabled: Indicate Redis cluster is enabled

The keyspace section provides statistics on the main dictionary of each database. The statistics are the number of keys, and the number of keys with an expiration.

For each database, the following line is added:

  • dbXXX: keys=XXX,expires=XXX

A note about the word slave used in this man page: Starting with Redis 5, if not for backward compatibility, the Redis project no longer uses the word slave. Unfortunately in this command the word slave is part of the protocol, so we'll be able to remove such occurrences only when this API will be naturally deprecated.