XTRIM key MAXLEN|MINID [=|~] threshold [LIMIT count]

XTRIM trims the stream by evicting older entries (entries with lower IDs) if needed.

Trimming the stream can be done using one of these strategies:

  • MAXLEN: Evicts entries as long as the stream's length exceeds the specified threshold, where threshold is a positive integer.
  • MINID: Evicts entries with IDs lower than threshold, where threshold is a stream ID.

For example, this will trim the stream to exactly the latest 1000 items:

XTRIM mystream MAXLEN 1000

Whereas in this example, all entries that have an ID lower than 649085820-0 will be evicted:

XTRIM mystream MINID 649085820

By default, or when provided with the optional = argument, the command performs exact trimming.

Depending on the strategy, exact trimming means:

  • MAXLEN: the trimmed stream's length will be exactly the minimum between its original length and the specified threshold.
  • MINID: the oldest ID in the stream will be exactly the minimum between its original oldest ID and the specified threshold.

*Nearly exact trimming

Because exact trimming may require additional effort from the Redis server, the optional ~ argument can be provided to make it more efficient.

For example:

XTRIM mystream MAXLEN ~ 1000

The ~ argument between the MAXLEN strategy and the threshold means that the user is requesting to trim the stream so its length is at least the threshold, but possibly slightly more. In this case, Redis will stop trimming early when performance can be gained (for example, when a whole macro node in the data structure can't be removed). This makes trimming much more efficient, and it is usually what you want, although after trimming, the stream may have few tens of additional entries over the threshold.

Another way to control the amount of work done by the command when using the ~, is the LIMIT clause. When used, it specifies the maximal count of entries that will be evicted. When LIMIT and count aren't specified, the default value of 100 * the number of entries in a macro node will be implicitly used as the count. Specifying the value 0 as count disables the limiting mechanism entirely.

*Return value

Integer reply: The number of entries deleted from the stream.

*History

  • >= 6.2: Added the MINID trimming strategy and the LIMIT option.

*Examples

redis>  XADD mystream * field1 A field2 B field3 C field4 D
"1634602986669-0"
redis>  XTRIM mystream MAXLEN 2
(integer) 0
redis>  XRANGE mystream - +
1) 1) "1634602986669-0"
   2) 1) "field1"
      2) "A"
      3) "field2"
      4) "B"
      5) "field3"
      6) "C"
      7) "field4"
      8) "D"
redis>